Biosecurity New Zealand is closely monitoring outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Malaysia, China and Indonesia. FMD is a major biosecurity threat to New Zealand and we all have a role to play in protecting our farms from this highly contagious disease.
FMD affects cloven-hooved animals (animals with two toes). In Aotearoa, this includes cows, pigs, sheep, goats, deer, alpaca, and llama.
Symptoms of FMD
Look out for these signs of FMD in your animals.
If you're concerned about your animals' health or they're showing any of these symptoms, please contact your veterinarian or call the MPI pest and disease hotline (0800 80 99 66) immediately.
- High fever for two or three days
- Blisters or sores in the mouth, muzzle, feet and teats
- Drooling, tooth grinding and chomping
- Lameness (limping) or a tendency to lie down (pigs may also squeal when walking)
- Shivering or raised temperature
- Lethargy or depression
- Drop in milk yield for cows
- Death of young animals
Resources for veterinarians
Veterinarians play an important role in identifying animals with suspected FMD and notifying the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) as soon as possible. Below are some resources to help you identify FMD and protect New Zealand farms from the disease.
- MPI resources and FAQs for veterinarians
- VetChat podcast: FMD - What vets need to know with Dr Mary van Andel
Resources for farmers
It's important for farmers and lifestyle block owners to maintain strong biosecurity practices, especially if you have workers travelling from countries with reported cases of FMD. Below are some resources to help you protect New Zealand farms from the disease.
Identifying FMD in your animals
- About foot and mouth disease
- DairyNZ foot and mouth disease resources
- Beef + Lamb New Zealand resources for farmers
- Foot and mouth disease fact sheet
Important information for pig owners
- Feeding food waste to pigs and preventing disease
- Protect New Zealand, don’t feed pigs untreated meat waste
- Supplying food waste for feeding to pigs
- DairyNZ Biosecurity Planner
- Beef + Lamb NZ DryStock Biosecurity Guidelines
- Lifestyle block biosecurity
- OSPRI: Foot-and-mouth disease — What can sheep farmers do?
What will happen if FMD gets into New Zealand?
- What the first three days of an FMD outbreak would look like
- National Livestock Standstill fact sheet
Registering your farm with Biosecurity New Zealand
- FarmsOnLine: Register your farm and get information to help protect your livelihood and preserve the country's future
Resources for travellers
All travellers entering New Zealand have a role to play in protecting our farms from FMD. Although there is a low risk of FMD entering New Zealand, it is important to follow all biosecurity rules to keep our country safe.
- Travellers must declare all goods, equipment, and food that could carry unwanted pests or diseases into New Zealand.
- Travellers must declare when they have been in contact with livestock.
- Travellers must not bring animal products such as meat into New Zealand.
- From 22 July, travellers are no longer allowed to bring personal consignments of any meat products from Indonesia.
- If a traveller visits a farm overseas, they must clean their footwear thoroughly before departure.
- When someone arrives in New Zealand from a country with reported cases of FMD, there is a one-week stand down period before they can go onto a New Zealand farm or have contact with susceptible animals.
Media releases about FMD
- MPI 22 July 2022: New biosecurity measure to protect against FMD
- Beef + Lamb NZ 21 July 2022: Foot and mouth disease update
- MPI 20 July 2022: Biosecurity NZ committed to tough FMD protections
- MPI 10 July 2022: Campaign to raise FMD awareness for travellers
- MPI 6 July 2022: PKE audit shows strict FMD requirements being met